Erich Maria Remarque (22 June 1898 - 25 September 1970), was a well known German writer. He was conscripted into the German army in 1916, and sent to the front line.
He served on the Western Front from 26 June until 31 July, 1917. His experiences as a soldier inspired him to write his most famous work ‘Im Westen nichts Neues’, translated into English as 'All Quiet on the Western Front’. The novel was published in 1929, and became the most popular war novel of World War I. It was translated into over 30 languages, and adapted as a film in 1932. The book exposes the horrors of war. It is for this reason that Remarque later became an enemy of Nazi Germany, causing him to flee, first to Switzerland and later to the USA.
Erich Maria Remarque had only been at the Flemish Western Front for one month, when he was wounded in the Third Battle of Ypres on July 31st, 1917. He was administered first aid care in the church of Hooglede, which at the time served as a field hospital for German soldiers. After his stay in Hooglede, he spent over a year in a military hospital in Duisburg, Germany.